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Got an earache? Inflammation of the middle ear (otitis media) is the result of a middle ear infection. It can occur in one or both ears. Ear infections are most common in children but occasionally affect adults. Mid-Kansas Ear, Nose and Throat physicians most commonly see ear infections in the winter and early spring months.
Acute otitis media is caused by bacteria or viruses that enter the eustachian tube from the nose or the throat and reach the middle ear. The eustachian tube is a narrow tube that passes from the back of the nose up into the ear. When the eustachian tube is inflamed from a cold, sinus or throat infection, or an allergy attack, it is not functioning properly and may allow the infection to enter the middle ear. Infection in the middle ear causes earache, a red, inflamed eardrum, and a build-up of pus and mucus behind the eardrum.
The doctor will examine the child’s ears to check for redness and fluid behind the eardrum, and to see if the eardrum moves in response to air pressure.
Two additional tests may be performed to give the doctor information that cannot be learned through observation alone. An audiogram measures how much hearing loss has occurred. A tympanogram measures the air pressure in the middle ear. This indicates how well the eustachian tube is functioning and determines the severity of the problem.
One or more medications, including an antibiotic, antihistamine and/or decongestant, may be prescribed. For patients unresponsive to medication or experiencing chronic ear infections, ear tubes may be recommended. With the help of your ENT specialist, you can help your child feel and hear better quickly.
Call Mid-Kansas Ear, Nose & Throat Associates at 316-684-2838 for more information or to schedule an appointment.